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中日翻译的注意要点有什么

作者:澳门新葡亰官网    来源:www.4996.com    发布时间:2020-06-09 17:34:01    浏览量:0

  日语在各方面都比较严谨,在翻译的过程中要注意文法习惯和当地文化,虽然日语和中文有着一定的联系,但还是有一定区别的,下面翻译公司给大家分享中日翻译的注意要点有什么?

  Japanese is rigorous in all aspects. In the process of translation, we should pay attention to the grammar habits and local culture. Although Japanese and Chinese have a certain connection, there are still some differences. What are the key points of Chinese Japanese translation shared by the translation company?

  1、句子的结构不一样

  1. The structure of sentences is different

  在汉语中动词在前,名词在后,就像是中文中的“读书”,“读”是动词,“书”是名词,而在日语中,我们看到它会被写作「本を読む.読書をする」,名词在前,动词在后。所以在进行日语翻译的时候,我们要优先理解日语的语言结构,这也是我们进行翻译最基础的部分。

  In Chinese, the verb is in the front, the noun is in the back, just like "reading", "reading" is the verb, "book" is the noun, and in Japanese, we can see that it will be written as "Ben を む. Bu Shu を す", the noun is in the front, the verb is in the back. Therefore, when translating Japanese, we should first understand the language structure of Japanese, which is also the most basic part of our translation.

  2、标点符号的使用

  2、 Use of punctuation

  学过日文就会发现,日语中的标点符号其实并不算多,也有和中文类似的标点,但每个标点符号所表示的意思和中文也不全然相同。比较明显的是日文中的疑问句,仅在句末使用终助词「か」来表达疑问,并不会给句子加上问号,还有在日语中的逗号是表示预期、强调,和在中文句子中的完结含义还是有一定的区别的。所以在进行日文翻译时,一定要注意整篇段落和助动词的使用等情况,来确定标点符号的用法。

  After learning Japanese, we will find that there are not many punctuation marks in Japanese, and there are similar punctuation marks with Chinese, but the meaning of each punctuation mark is not exactly the same as that of Chinese. What is more obvious is that in Japanese interrogative sentences, only the final particle "か" is used to express questions at the end of the sentence, and no question mark will be added to the sentence. There is also a certain difference between the comma in Japanese to indicate expectation, emphasis and the ending meaning in Chinese sentences. Therefore, in Japanese translation, we must pay attention to the use of the whole paragraph and auxiliary verbs to determine the use of punctuation.

  3、要了解特定日语的译法

  3. To understand the translation of specific Japanese

  在进行日语翻译的过程中,有的词汇必须要尝试了解当地的文化背景,身临其境地去体会,才能够准确地理解日语原文中的深层含义,才能够理解到作者的想要表达的精髓。

  In the process of Japanese translation, some words must try to understand the local cultural background and experience it personally, so as to understand the deep meaning of the original Japanese accurately and the essence of the author.

  4、汉字用法的不同

  4. Differences in the usage of Chinese characters

  大家都知道日本受到股中国文化的影响,它的官方语言中就使用了大量的汉字,有部分的汉字只是继承汉字的字形,和我们中文汉字的用法及含义其实并不一致,这些都是值得我们注意的。

  As we all know, Japan is influenced by the Chinese culture. A large number of Chinese characters are used in its official language. Some of the Chinese characters only inherit the Chinese characters, which are not consistent with the usage and meaning of our Chinese characters. These are worthy of our attention.

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